News & Press

News & Press

Scientists: Bad Fracking Wells Taint Water

Press

Originally reported on MSN News.

WASHINGTON — Faulty fracking wells are to blame for drinking water contamination in Texas and Pennsylvania, according to new findings from researchers at five universities.

“People’s water has been harmed by drilling,” said Robert Jackson, a professor of environmental and earth sciences at Stanford University. “In Texas, we even saw two homes go from clean to contaminated after our sampling began.”

Construction problems with natural gas wells are responsible for the tainted water, the researchers found. That includes poor casing and failed cement jobs meant to seal the steel drilling pipe from surrounding earth and rocks and prevent water contamination.

The researchers said there was no evidence the water was contaminated by the process of hydraulic fracturing itself, known as fracking. Fracking is when high-pressure water and chemicals are pumped deep underground to break shale rock and release oil and natural gas.

That’s an important finding in the debate over fracking, which has unleashed an American energy boom but also allegations of pollution and health problems.

“The good news is that most of the issues we have identified can potentially be avoided by future improvements in well integrity,” said Thomas Darrah, an assistant professor of earth science at Ohio State University. He led the research while working as a research scientist at Duke University.

The researchers from Duke, Ohio State, Stanford, Dartmouth and the University of Rochester discovered clusters of methane contamination in drinking water wells along the Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania and the Barnett Shale in north Texas, near Fort Worth.

Methane, the principal component in natural gas, is not known to be toxic, but it can be explosive and is a potent greenhouse gas.

The researchers found the Texas water contamination in southern Parker County. Their findings challenge the position of Texas oil and gas regulators that there is no evidence to connect reports of rising methane in several local wells to natural gas production.

Ramona Nye, spokeswoman for the Texas Railroad Commission, which oversees drilling, said in an email that she has no comment at this point.

“Our staff is currently reviewing the study, which will take a period of time to complete,” Nye said.

A spokesman for Fort Worth driller Range Resources said his company also has not had a chance to study the findings, released Monday by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Range Resources has denied allegations that it was responsible for methane contamination in Parker County.

“The extensive testing conducted by Range and the Texas Railroad Commission prove that the two Range wells could not have been the source of the gas in any water wells, nor did any other aspects of our work,” said company spokesman Matt Pitzarella in an email.

The university researchers said they analyzed 20 drinking water wells overlying the Barnett Shale of Texas and found contamination in five of them. They said the contamination likely wasn’t from the Barnett Shale itself, but rather the shallower Strawn formation.

The Barnett Shale and Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale are at the center of a fracking boom that’s made the United States into the world’s largest natural gas producer.

The researchers used noble gas and hydrocarbon tracers to analyze more than 130 water wells in the two states over the past two years, focusing on areas of suspected contamination.

They said the “novel combination” of tracers let them distinguish between naturally occurring methane and contamination caused by fracking wells.

“This is the first study to provide a comprehensive analysis of noble gases and their isotopes in groundwater near shale gas wells,” said Ohio State’s Darrah.

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. HIRES PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAGER FOR OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS

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Company Recruits Experienced Oil and Gas Industry Veteran

LITTLE RIVER, S.C., August 20, 2014 – Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (OTCBB: IEVM) today announced that it has hired Bradley W. Rockman to oversee its oil and gas operations. Mr. Rockman will serve as the President and General Manager of the company’s newly established Oil and Gas Division. Mr. Rockman has over 35 years of experience in the oil and gas industry with significant experience in the sale and marketing of drilling fluids to oil and gas producers. He has worked with both established and early-stage companies in both the domestic and international oil and gas markets. Mr. Rockman will be responsible for the continued development of the company’s oil and gas business and the recruitment of the personnel necessary to expand the company’s oil and gas business.

David R. LaVance, the company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “I am very excited to have Brad join the IET team. The relationships he has established in the oil and gas industry during his 35-year career will be extremely valuable to IET, as will his experience in selling and marketing drilling fluids to oil and gas producers. I look for Brad to build on the great progress that we have made in introducing ExcelyteTM to customers in the Uinta Basin and to expand our sales of Excelyte to additional locations throughout the United States.”

Mr. Rockman commented, “The success that Excelyte has experienced as a hydrogen sulfide scavenger and as a biocide in the Uinta Basin indicates that there is a tremendous opportunity for Excelyte in the oil and gas industry. I believe that the ever growing need to recycle produced water and to eliminate hydrogen sulfide in oil and gas operations will drive the future demand for Excelyte. I look forward to expanding the sales of Excelyte, recruiting additional personnel to support this anticipated growth and further developing IET’s oil and gas business.”

The “Hydro” In Hydraulic Fracturing – A Closer Look At Frac Water

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Originally published on oilpro.com on August 7th, 2014
View the Original Article

While the shale revolution involves many advanced technologies, the entire effort is underpinned by two core methodologies—horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Without either, the shale revolution would simply not have occurred.

The EIA recently reported that more than 750 Tcf of technically recoverable shale gas and 24 billion barrels of technically recoverable shale oil resources currently in exist in discovered shale plays. It can’t be overstated that the key to accessing these resources is a combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing.

In fact, absent these technologies the US would lose 45% of domestic natural gas production and 17% of oil production within only five years.

Water is the number one consumable in the fracing process, and its importance is rising as unconventional drilling spreads. Depending on the basin and the geological formation, a typical shale gas well requires approximately 3-5 million gallons of water to drill and fracture.

Most of the water is used during the fracing process itself, with large volumes of water pumped into the well with chemicals and sand to break rocks with nano-darcy permeability and enable gas extraction. The remainder of the water is utilized during the drilling stage of the production lifecycle, with water being the major component of the drilling fluids.

3-5 million gallons of water per well sounds like a large volume. And it is. Indeed, the demand for freshwater is an issue of growing importance, especially in arid and semi-arid US shale and tight oil plays. A 2012 Ceres study found that 47% of oil and gas wells are located in high or extremely high water-stressed regions, such as the West Texas Permian Basin.

That said, recently voiced fears of freshwater depletion due to fracing fail to put the O&G industry’s use in the context of use in other industries, which can consume much more.

Increased controversy around frac demand for fresh water has created intense competition for sources and more scrutiny from municipalities on water withdrawal permits. The pressure on companies to become more efficient in both use and transportation is increasing as unconventional drilling practices spread.

How – and how much – water is used in the fracing process? How does fracing’s thirst compare to water usage in other industries? And are there new alternatives to fresh water in fracing? The rest of this post is dedicated to exploring these critical questions about fracing’s number one ingredient.

How Much Water?

According to Fracfocus (a voluntary chemical registry for disclosing fracturing fluid additives founded in 2011), water and sand comprise more than 99.5% of the fluid used to hydraulically fracture a well. Water serves as the main carrier fluid in hydraulic fracturing.

Multiple layers of cement and metal casing are placed around the wellbore during well completion. After the well is completed, a fluid comprised of water, sand and chemicals is injected under high pressure to crack the shale, increasing the permeability of the rock and thereby easing the flow of natural gas.

Because the multi-stage fracturing of a single horizontal shale gas well can use several million gallons of water, it is critical that large quantities of relatively fresh water be reasonably available. The quality of the water is very important because impurities can reduce the efficiency of the additives used in the process.

Water usage varies with horizontal lateral length and number of frac stages. Volumes pumped can also vary with the geological characteristics of the play. For example, the Haynesville Shale requires on average 1 million gallons of water during the drilling phase compared to 60,000 gallons for the Fayetteville shale. But on average, 5 million gallons of water are required to drill and frac a “typical” well, the equivalent of 1,000 water truckloads. The fracing stage is the most water intensive, using up to 90% of the total water use.

A Closer Look At The Data

A Ceres research paper published in February 2014 reported data accumulated by FRACFocus that 97 billion gallons of water were used in the fracing process from January 2011 through May 2013. Nearly half of this quantity of water was used in Texas, followed by Pennsylvania, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Colorado and North Dakota.

Among more than 250 operating companies reporting to FRACfocus in the US, Chesapeake had the largest amount of water use reported (nearly 12 billion gallons), followed by EOG Resources, XTO Energy and Anadarko. Not surprisingly, these are the independent E&Ps that have “figured out” the shale equation and are leading the US shale revolution.

Overall, Halliburton handled the largest volume of fracing water. At almost 25 billion gallons, Halliburton accounted for over a quarter of the US’s frac water usage. Halliburton was followed by Schlumberger and Baker Hughes. Again no surprise, as the Big 3 service companies run more horsepower than anyone in the industry.

The report showed that almost half of the wells fraced since 2011 were in regions with high or extremely high water stress, and over 55% were in regions experiencing drought. In Texas, which has the highest concentration of fracing activity in the US, more than half of the wells assessed by Ceres were in high or extremely high water stress regions. Over 36% of the 39,294 fraced wells in the study overlay areas experiencing groundwater depletion. This overlap has created a challenge for the industry as local regulators charged with water withdrawal permits have become more protective of water supplies.

Case Study: Water Use In Bakken Fracing

North Dakota is an especially drought-prone area, so the question of water usage in fracing is of paramount importance to Bakken operators. The Bakken is one of the busiest unconventional plays in the US, and one of the thirstiest. That said, frac water consumption in the Bakken was only 6% of irrigation consumption in the state during 2012.

The average fracing process for a single well in North Dakota requires approximately seven acre-feet of water. In 2012, records show that 12,629 acre-feet of surface and ground water were used for fracing purposes. That amounts to only 4% of the state’s consumptive water use and is dwarfed by irrigation, municipal, and power general usage.

Another interesting fact is that one day of the average daily flow of the Missouri River at Bismarck (45,480 acre-feet) is enough water to frac 6,497 wells, or 87% of all the wells that have been fraced in North Dakota.

Context Is Key: Comparatively Speaking…

The importance of discussions about the volume of water used in various industries is driven home by the fact that roughly 34% of US public water supply comes from groundwater resources, while the remainder comes from surface water bodies such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers.

Thermoelectric generation- technologies such as coal, natural gas and nuclear, which use heat to produce steam- represent approximately 40% of the freshwater withdrawals in the US.

But the large volume of water used by power plants tends not to attract the degree of criticism as its use in fracing. The relative newness of fracing compared to coal and natural gas, together with the proximity of many wells to residential areas, makes fracing more of a target.

A cost-benefit analysis pepared by the Texas Water Board took a look at the water used by fracing versus the economic benefits of the practice. The study concluded that hydraulic fracturing represents less than 1% of total water use in Texas, while providing in excess of 10% of Texas’ cumulative economic output.

Is Natural Gas Use In Power Generation Actually Saving Water?

In addition to the amount of water used in fracing contrasted to that of other thermoelectric operations, a recent UT study indicated that the water saved by shifting a power plant from coal to natural gas is 25 to 50 times as great as the volume of water used in hydraulic fracturing to extract the natural gas.

In other words, short-term depletion is converted to long-term conservation.

Bridget Scanlon, senior research scientist at UT’s Bureau of Economic Geology, which coordinated the 2013 study, said, “The bottom line is that boosting natural gas production and using more natural gas in power generation makes our electric grid more drought resilient.”

Currently, approximately one-third of Texas power plants are Natural Gas Combined Cycle plants, which consume about a third as much water as coal steam turbine plants.

Yes, it requires a lot of water to extract natural gas; but coal energy sourcing consumes much much more H2O. We can actually save water by converting from coal to natural gas.

Four Innovative Freshwater Alternatives in Fracing

1. Brackish Water

A recent study on water use for fracing by scientists at the Bureau for Economic Geology at the University of Texas at Austin found that 30% of the water used for fracing in the Midland, Texas area of the Permian Basin was brackish in 2011. In North Texas’s Barnett shale, the study says brackish water use was 3%. Brackish water’s use in South Texas’ Eagle Ford Shale was 20%.

Texas Railroad Commissioner Christi Craddick said at the time, “We’re just at the beginning of it, so I think it’s to be determined how far it goes, but I think that brackish water is an important piece.”

Producers are considering the wider use of brackish water especially in drought-prone areas such as the Permian Basin. Apache Corp, for example, is already fracing with brackish water on some of its Permian Basin spreads. Cal Cooper, Apache’s manager of special projects, said in an interview with Npr last year that brackish water “has moderately saline water, so it’s not as salty as seawater, but we pump quite a bit of that.” Apache also used “produced water,” which is groundwater with an even higher amount of dissolved solids that comes to the surface during oil and gas production. Cooper says that Apache mixes the produced and brackish water together, so “we are able to eliminate the need for freshwater to do hydraulic fracturing.”

However, fracing with brackish water presents several challenges that drillers are only beginning to address.

First, fracing with brackish water often requires the removal of chemical elements that can arrest the drilling process by creating problems such as the accretion of sediment in wells. Relatedly, the variation of water quality from site to site means that drillers need to adapt the formula of chemicals they mix into water for fracing based on the properties of each well.

There are also the related issues of accessibility and cost, as some brackish reservoirs lie deeper than freshwater resources, thus increasing the costs of drilling a well.

Additionally, it takes years to assess how brackish water, together with the underground water that lies alongside oil and gas, affects the long-term productivity of an oil or gas well.

Finally, the aforementioned UT study observed that “use of brackish water in areas with limited fresh water supplies could compete with conventional users.”

2. From The Hospital To The Oilfield: Excelyte

South-Carolina-based Integrated Environmental Technologies (IET) originally developed Excelyte as an EPA-approved solution to serve as a final surface cleaner to eliminate hospital-acquired infections, and then to prevent foodborne illnesses in food production.

Excelyte’s main active ingredient is hypochlorous acid, which is a naturally occurring molecule in the human body that combats infection.

The solution is now being tested in New Mexico and Utah, Forbes recently reported, in its first attempted application in the oil and gas sector. IET’s CEO David LaVance said that several well-known companies are using the product, but he did not identify the companies to Forbes.

IET claims that mixing water with Excelyte’s bacteria and sulfur-fighting properties instead of toxic chemicals allows for twice as much wastewater to be recovered for reuse in fracing instead of using fresh water.

Excelyte took more than five years to develop into a substance suitable for production in industrial quantities, and it is designed to leave no environmental footprint.

LaVance told Forbes, “Our product persists for only 90 days and then it disintegrates…It’s not underground for very long and things go back to normal after that. So it’s a quick-acting biocide.”

Utah is among the states that have expressed early interest in the solution, where the product is already in the pilot-testing phase. John Baza, director of the Oil, Gas and Mining Division in Utah, told Forbes, “If companies are looking at this product as a way to prevent some of those things from happening, we’re certainly in favor of it…We would encourage that kind of creative and innovative thinking.”

3. GASFRAC’s LPG Fracing Treatment

Calgary-based GASFRAC Energy Services announced in December 2013 that it had completed a Hybrid LPG fracturing treatment for Terrace Energy in South Texas’ Eagle Ford play. The company is the sole provider of waterless gelled LPG fracing technology in NAM.

GASFRAC identified several advantages of the new technology:

No water is used. It is a Liquefied Petroleum Gas gel that is “as natural to a well as soil is to the earth,” the company says. It improves performance without using water, as it is soluble in formation hydrocarbons.

Safety: GASFRAC developed a zero-oxygen, closed system and specialized equipment that ensures worker safety, eliminates post-job cleanup and requires only minimal flaring that can be decreased to zero given the right recapture facilities.

Increased Production: The ability to rapidly recover 100% of the fracing fluid results in enhanced O&G recovery, longer sustained production, and the ability to recapture, reuse or resell- a highly cost-effective benefit, especially for multi-stage horizontal wells.

4. Propane, CO2 & Nitrogen?

While GASFRAC’s innovation still remains an early-stage technology- burdened by higher initial costs than conventional fracing methods- the concept has recently been considered more seriously, especially as legislators and oil regulators focus on the large volume of water used for fracing wells.

GASFRAC’s innovation has prompted discussions about using other substances like propane, carbon dioxide or nitrogen in stead of water.

Michael Dunkel, the director of sustainable development for Pioneer Natural Resources, commented, “We’ve looked at [propane fracing], and I would say that absolutely our industry is open to all possibilities.”

Fracing, Water & The Future

As noted at the outset of this post, while much hyperbole characterizes the discussion of fracing and water supply, it is essential to recognize the need for new technologies that will enable the continued flourishing of the unconventional revolution.

The pressure to increase efficiencies is high as industry demand for water grows with the development of more wells. However, for the reasons cited throughout this post, we are optimistic that the industry’s fountain of ingenuity will not run dry when it comes to addressing these current challenges. A successful alternative to freshwater in fracing could have a very bright future and go along way to reducing criticism of the shale process.

How a Raleigh entrepreneur is turning a cleaner into a fracking tool

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Originally published in the Triangle Business Journal on July 24th, 2014

What started as a Russian anti-bacterial technology is turning into a fracking scum-fighting tool – and it’s all spearheaded by a Raleigh entrepreneur.

Raleigh-based David LaVance is the CEO of Integrated Environmental Technologies, a small, public company that’s putting a twist on what, initially, was intended as a hospital cleanser.

LaVance came on board a few years ago, invited by investors to help stabilize a company using a technology that originally came from Russia.

Specifically, it’s a chemical cleanser based on a molecule with a long name: hypochlorous acid.

“It’s a really simple molecule, but it’s very effective in killing bacteria and viruses,” LaVance explains. “In fact, it’s manufactured inside the human body as part of the immune defense system.”

But there’s a big problem: It’s hard to keep in concentration for industrial applications because the chlorine “tends to gas off.”

That’s where IET comes in, with a technology that helps keep the vital chlorine in the solution. LaVance says the solution can kill 99.9999 percent of bacteria. It’s already being used in hospitals to help disinfect surfaces.

But LaVance is thinking bigger.

“I said, holy smokes, this company has something that kills all these super bugs,” he says. He saw a market he thinks could be bigger than hospitals: Oil and gas. “Everybody is worried about toxicity. … The number one thing about oil and gas is the tremendous amounts of water that it uses. Most people are not really aware of the millions upon millions of gallons of water that are used.”

Water, typically pumped from lakes and ponds, comes with hitchhikers: Bacteria.
Bacteria is a big problem when it comes to drilling. Without a way to kill it, colonies grow “exponentially,” both deep in the ground and on the surface. Similar to the way bacteria can muck up the hulls of ships, they collect on the metal well casing, causing corrosion.

Killing the bacteria protects that equipment. And the chemical combines with hydrogen sulfide – a poisonous gas that can rise in the well – to make it inert.
The compound, called Excelyte, also makes water “more slippery,” he explains, and disintegrates in 90 days.

The innovation is already being used in more than a dozen wells. And interest is increasing. Plans are in place to open an office in Denver, and the team, which consists of about 12 employees spread across the United States, will likely expand as more miners come on board.

In fracking, a high-pressure fluid is injected into a drilled hole to create fractures that allow natural gas an escape. Last month, Gov. Pat McCrory signed into law a bill that would open up North Carolina to fracking, saying it would “spur economic development at all levels of our economy, not just the energy sector.”

While LaVance and his team are an example of that economic development, they still haven’t solved what some environmentalists say is the larger issue – disposal of wastewater. Another Raleigh company, however, is exploring ways to filter hazardous materials from that water: Tethis. And it’s using a proprietary, salt-sucking sponge in its efforts.

IET has a market cap of $16.85 million, trades under IEVM and is technically headquartered in Little River, South Carolina.

Total revenues for 2013 were $146,366, but LaVance is expecting a big increase as his product expands its reach and fracking takes off.

In addition to his role at IET, he serves as chairman of the board of Hologic, a $7 billion company.

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. INCREASES SALES OF EXCELYTETM FOR WELL MAINTENANCE APPLICATION

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Company Commences ExcelyteTM Treatment of Oil Production Wells for Large Producer in Uinta Basin

LITTLE RIVER, S.C., July 25, 2014 – Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (OTCBB: IEVM) today announced that it has increased the use of its flagship ExcelyteTM product in the Uinta Basin in Utah. The company added a new customer with significant oil producing operations in the Uinta Basin and successfully completed the initial treatment on six of the customer’s oil producing wells, reducing the amount of hydrogen sulfide in each of the oil wells treated with Excelyte. The company expects to continue treating those six wells over the next month and commence treatment of additional oil wells for this customer within the next two months, with the goal of treating up to approximately 300 other similar oil producing wells that the customer operates in the Uinta Basin within the next year. The company’s current customers in the Uinta Basin, including this customer, have collectively identified approximately 450 oil and gas wells suitable for well maintenance treatment by Excelyte. The company estimates that up to approximately 2,835,000 gallons of Excelyte could be used during the first twelve months of well maintenance treatments on these oil and gas wells, assuming that the company treated all 450 wells.

David R. LaVance, the company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “We have been working diligently with this customer over the past several months and I am very pleased that the customer has commenced down-hole well maintenance treatments of its oil wells. As highlighted in a recent article in Forbes Magazine, we believe that Excelyte provides significant benefits to oil and gas production companies when used as a biocide and a hydrogen sulfide scavenger. We continue to aggressively pursue sales opportunities for Excelyte in the Uinta Basin for both well maintenance applications and the treatment of water used in hydraulic fracturing, and believe that both of these applications combined represent a potential $50 million market opportunity for us in the Uinta Basin and a potential $2.5 billion market opportunity for us in the United States.”

Hydrogen sulfide is a toxic and corrosive chemical that frequently appears in oil and gas production. Excelyte acts as a hydrogen sulfide scavenger and as a biocide that kills sulfur- reducing bacteria, which are known to produce hydrogen sulfide. The company’s down-hole well maintenance operations consist of treating oil production wells that contain hydrogen sulfide with regularly scheduled applications of Excelyte.

The Hospital Disinfectant That’s Making Fracking Greener

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Article originally published on Forbes.com – 7/23/14
Read the original article here.

Fracking seems to have more going against it than for it, but a South Carolina-based company is hoping the oil and gas industry will mitigate environmental damages and health concerns with its latest product, Excelyte.

Excelyte is an EPA-approved solution that addresses major controversies associated with fracking: pollution of groundwater with toxic chemicals, release of hydrogen sulfide that endangers oil field workers’ lives, and excess wastewater.

Integrated Environmental Technologies (IET) originally developed the solution as a final surface cleaner to eliminate hospital-acquired infections like tuberculosis, and then to prevent foodborne illnesses in food production. Excelyte has been proven to be 99.9999% effective against HIV, H1N1, Salmonella, E. coli, Listeria, among other bacteria and viruses. The solution’s main active ingredient is hypochlorous acid—a naturally occurring molecule in the human body that fights infection.

Healthcare to food production was a natural extension, but in searching for other applications where bacteria and viruses posed as a deadly threat, IET found an industry that’s desperate to improve its environmental impact: oil and gas.

Excelyte is currently being tested in Utah and New Mexico in its first foray into the oil and gas scene. David LaVance, CEO of IET, said several well-known companies are using the product, but would not reveal which ones.

“We figured out that if our product was really safe for hospitals and for food, that it should be quite safe for oil and gas,” said LaVance. “We’ve done a whole series of tests and now have written papers on it that demonstrate it can be used underground in wells, and it of course has no detrimental effect on the water supply because this is a product that is safe for humans.”

LaVance has spent a majority of his career in healthcare and is also Chairman of the Board of Hologic, a leading provider of diagnostic and imaging systems related to women’s health, such as mammograms and pap tests.

A single frack job takes millions of gallons of water, with only 25-30% of that water recovered for reuse. IET claims that by mixing water with Excelyte’s bacteria and sulfur-fighting properties instead of toxic chemicals, twice as much wastewater can be recovered for reuse in fracking instead of using fresh water.

Hydrogen sulfide, a naturally occurring gas that can be released during oil and gas production, is the most frequent killer of oil field workers. Excelyte is a hydrogen sulfide scavenger that combines chemically to hydrogen sulfide. The solution, which took over five years to develop into a substance fit for production in industrial quantities, is also designed to leave no trace on the environment.

“Our product persists for only 90 days and then it disintegrates,” said LaVance. “It’s not underground for very long and things go back to normal after that. So it’s a quick-acting biocide.”

The state of Utah is optimistic about oil and gas companies using Excelyte to address environmental concerns.

“If companies are looking at this product as a way to prevent some of those things from happening, we’re certainly in favor of it,” said John Baza, director of the Oil, Gas and Mining Division in Utah. “We would encourage that kind of creative and innovative thinking.”

Wherever fracking is involved, controversy has traditionally followed. Concerns range from polluting drinking water with toxic chemicals to setting earthquake records. A community in the North Texan city of Denton, which is believed to hold one of the biggest natural gas reserves in the U.S., recently captured the attention of the energy industry with an attempt to ban hydraulic fracturing due to noise and toxic fumes from fracked wells in their backyard. But the city faces an uphill battle—the U.S. fracking market was valued at $26 billion in 2013 according to BCC Research.

In Utah, where Excelyte is in somewhat of a pilot testing mode, oil field companies are not required to obtain specific government approval to use the product, but are required to report chemical usage in the national database FracFocus.

Despite Excelyte’s impressive properties and promising applications, environmentalists aren’t likely to be overly excited about the product.

“Even if all of the chemicals used for fracking were perfectly benign (and they are not), the wastes still would be highly toxic, because the fluids bring numerous hazardous substances, including radioactive materials, to the surface,” said Deborah Goldberg, an attorney at environmentalist group Earthjustice. “No one yet has found a way to dispose of all of the wastes without creating additional environmental risks.”

Though fracking is by no means a sustainable practice, it is projected to experience further growth well into 2018. If widely adopted, the use of Excelyte could save lives and save water in various processes.

Excelyte has been approved by the National Science Foundation (NSF), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use in food production; healthcare; veterinary practices; and the oil and gas industry.

The EPA declined to comment on the solution’s current or projected use in fracking activities.

The solution’s applications in reusing and recycling water would be of particular interest to West Coast states like Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, and California, which have been facing a longstanding drought.

Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (IEVM) operates through its subsidiary, I.E.T., Inc. and is publicly traded. The company’s products and services are marketed and sold under the umbrella brand name, EcoTreatments.

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. ANNOUNCES THE PUBLICATION OF EXCELYTE™ TEST RESULTS BY INDEPENDENT HOSPITAL SYSTEM

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Study Conducted by Carson Tahoe Health System Demonstrates Effectiveness of Excelyte™ for Infection Control in a Hospital Setting

LITTLE RIVER, S.C., June 25, 2014 – Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (OTC Bulletin Board: IEVM) today announced that Carson Tahoe Health System has published the results of Carson Tahoe’s independent study testing the effectiveness of Excelyte™ in reducing the amount of bacteria present in a hospital setting. The study focused on “high-touch” areas where large numbers of patients and workers face the potential of acquiring and spreading hospital-acquired infections. Of the 54 high-touch sites cultured post standard cleaning, residual bacteria was found in 85 percent of the cultures, as compared to 31 percent of the cultures post Excelyte cleaning. The report also highlights Excelyte’s non-toxic properties, which do not corrode hospital equipment like more commonly used chemicals, and that Excelyte is as much as 100 times more effective at disinfection than traditional chemicals, such as bleach. The study was conducted and the report was written by Dorris Dimmit, MPH, an epidemiologist at Carson Tahoe Health System who is a certified infection preventionist.

David R. LaVance, IET’s President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “Our EcoTreatments™ products continue to gain traction in the energy and healthcare markets, leading to extensive research and evaluation by both the public and private sectors. We are pleased to share the impressive results of the independent study recently conducted by the Carson Tahoe Health System whereby Excelyte was used in a hospital setting to reduce the presence of potentially deadly bacteria. Previous research has shown Excelyte to be an effective killer of some of the most dangerous threats, including CRE, MRSA and C. diff. Every year, more than two million Americans are infected by drug-resistant bacteria, leading to as many as 23,000 deaths. As the threat from superbugs grows, Excelyte provides an effective, non-toxic alternative for healthcare systems to reduce hospital-acquired infections.”

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. ANNOUNCES CONFERENCE CALL TO DISCUSS COMPANY STRATEGY AND OPERATIONS

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LITTLE RIVER, S.C., May 13, 2014 – Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (OTCBB: IEVM) today announced its management team will host a conference call on Tuesday, May 20, 2014, at 11:00 a.m. (Eastern) to discuss the company’s strategy, operations and accomplishments to date. Interested participants may listen to the call by dialing (877) 326-2337 or (678) 809-2321 for international callers and referencing code 2263581# approximately 15 minutes prior to the call. For those unable to participate in the live broadcast, a recording of the conference call will be available on the company’s website, www.ecotreatments.com/investors/confcall52014, approximately 24 hours after the call’s completion.

About Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd.

Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd., is a publicly-traded company that operates through its wholly-owned operating subsidiary, I.E.T., Inc. All of the company’s products and services are marketed and sold under the umbrella brand name, EcoTreatments™. The company markets and sells its anolyte disinfecting solution under the Excelyte™ brand name, which is produced by the company’s proprietary EcaFlo™ equipment that utilizes an electrolytic process known as electrochemical activation to reliably produce environmentally responsible solutions for cleaning, sanitizing and disinfecting. Excelyte solutions are EPA-registered, hard-surface disinfectants and sanitizers approved for hospital-level use and are also approved for use as a biocide in oil and gas drilling. The products can be used safely anywhere there is a need to control pathogens, bacteria, viruses, and germs. The company’s EcaFlo equipment also produces a cleaning solution that the company sells under the Catholyte Zero™ brand name. Catholyte Zero solutions are environmentally friendly cleansers and degreasers for janitorial, sanitation and food processing uses. The company is currently focused on selling its Excelyte solutions to oil and gas production companies, healthcare facilities and agriculture and dairy farmers.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements about the company’s future expectations and all other statements in this press release other than historical facts are forward-looking statements. Such statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from expected results. Among these risks, trends and uncertainties are economic conditions both generally and within the industries in which the company may participate; competition within the company’s chosen industries, including competition from much larger competitors; technological advances; available capital; regulatory approval; and failure by the company to successfully develop or acquire products and form new business relationships. Since these statements involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change at any time, the company’s actual results could differ materially from expected results.

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. ANNOUNCES SIGNIFICANT STEP IN ADDRESSING THE MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR MARKET FOR HYDRAULIC FRACTURING AND WELL MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS

Press

Company Begins Treating Natural Gas Production Wells

LITTLE RIVER, S.C., May 6, 2014 – Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (OTCBB: IEVM) today announced that it has commenced down-hole well maintenance of natural gas wells for a new customer in the Uinta Basin in Utah using the Company’s flagship Excelyte™ product. These down-hole operations consist of treating natural gas production wells that contain hydrogen sulfide, which is a toxic and corrosive chemical that frequently appears in oil and gas production. Excelyte acts as a hydrogen sulfide scavenger and as a biocide that kills sulfur-reducing bacteria, which are known to produce hydrogen sulfide. The company has successfully treated two wells, reducing the amount of hydrogen sulfide in each of the producing wells to a level significantly better than accepted industry standards for safe well operations. The company expects to continue treating those two wells, as well as commencing treatment on approximately 150 other gas producing wells that the customer operates in the Uinta Basin.

David R. LaVance, the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “I am very pleased that we have gained a new customer and commenced down-hole well maintenance treatments of gas wells. I believe that this application, along with the treatment of water used in hydraulic fracturing, represents a $50 million market opportunity for us in the Uinta Basin and potentially a $2.5 billion market opportunity in the United States. I am pleased to see Excelyte successfully address two large problems in gas production wells in an eco-friendly manner: elimination of bacteria and reduction of hydrogen sulfide. In the month of May, we expect three additional companies to conduct down-hole applications in Uinta Basin – the initial test market IET is using to demonstrate the product’s efficacy in addressing complex geological issues underground.”

Since gaining EPA approval, Excelyte has been used by select companies to treat processed water. The Uinta Basin was identified as the starting point for operations due to two significant problems in the region’s existing wells: persistence of bacteria and a proliferation of hydrogen sulfide in the wells. Excelyte is an eco-friendly solution used to disinfect water utilized in hydraulic fracturing and well maintenance and to prevent groundwater contamination by killing bacteria and viruses. It also enables energy producers to reuse as much as 20% of the significant quantities of water used in the fracking process.

About Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd.

Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd., is a publicly-traded company that operates through its wholly-owned operating subsidiary, I.E.T., Inc. All of the company’s products and services are marketed and sold under the umbrella brand name, EcoTreatments™. The company markets and sells its anolyte disinfecting solution under the Excelyte™ brand name, which is produced by the company’s proprietary EcaFlo™ equipment that utilizes an electrolytic process known as electrochemical activation to reliably produce environmentally responsible solutions for cleaning, sanitizing and disinfecting. Excelyte solutions are EPA-registered, hard-surface disinfectants and sanitizers approved for hospital-level use and are also approved for use as a
biocide in oil and gas drilling. The products can be used safely anywhere there is a need to control pathogens, bacteria, viruses, and germs. The company’s EcaFlo equipment also produces a cleaning solution that the company sells under the Catholyte Zero™ brand name. Catholyte Zero solutions are environmentally friendly cleansers and degreasers for janitorial, sanitation and food processing uses. The company is currently focused on selling its Excelyte solutions to oil and gas production companies, healthcare facilities and agriculture and dairy farmers.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements about the company’s future expectations and all other statements in this press release other than historical facts are forward-looking statements. Such statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from expected results. Among these risks, trends and uncertainties are economic conditions both generally and within the industries in which the company may participate; competition within the company’s chosen industries, including competition from much larger competitors; technological advances; available capital; regulatory approval; and failure by the company to successfully develop or acquire products and form new business relationships. Since these statements involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change at any time, the company’s actual results could differ materially from expected results.

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. PROVIDES UPDATE ON MARKETING OF EXCELYTE™ TO ENERGY INDUSTRY

Press

Company Continues to Make Progress in Western U.S.

LITTLE RIVER, S.C., April 10, 2014 – Integrated Environmental Technologies, Ltd. (OTCBB: IEVM) today released the following statement from President and Chief Executive Officer David R. LaVance:

“In the last few months, the company has made steady progress with its market strategy for our EcoTreatments™ products, specifically in the energy industry. The expansion of the oil and gas industry in western states offers the most significant opportunity for us right now, particularly in the state of Utah. Support for smart technologies and new methods for drilling and water processing has grown in the first quarter of 2014, in large part due to the ongoing drought conditions and threats to the nation’s water supply. In a column for The Huffington Post, I shared my thoughts on some of the pressing issues and possible solutions for the water crisis.

We have been briefing local and state officials at the highest levels on our unique Excelyte™ product and have discussed with them the need to embrace a new approach to public-private partnerships to protect the environment. The conversations have been positive and reinforce our belief that clean, non-toxic biocides will soon become a standard in well maintenance and oil and gas production. Our team continues to work on creating additional avenues to expand the market’s awareness as to the benefits of using Excelyte as a biocide in oil and gas applications.

In the past quarter, IET has worked with exploration and production companies in Utah operating in the Uinta Basin to determine the efficacy of Excelyte in well maintenance applications and in the treatment of processed water. In the Uinta Basin, those companies have identified two significant problems in existing wells: persistence of bacteria and a proliferation of hydrogen sulfide. We estimate that there are approximately 5,000 additional wells in the Uinta Basin that would benefit from the regular use of Excelyte as part of a well maintenance program.

IET estimates the market potential for a combination biocide and hydrogen sulfide scavenger used in well maintenance, well drilling and oil and gas production applications to exceed $50 million annually in Utah alone, and nationwide potential that could exceed $2.5 billion annually. The growing concerns for conservation of water are causing oilfield operations to recycle water rather than to source new water for well drilling and oil and gas production operations. This practice has a tendency to lead to cross-contamination of wells with bacteria – which may increase the presence of bacteria and hydrogen sulfide, creating a large opportunity for a non-toxic, effective biocide and hydrogen sulfide scavenger such as Excelyte that can minimize any cross-contamination issues related to bacteria.”